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1995  Piper  PA-32R-301 
S/N 3213100    N9253N

Report Created: 01/09/2009
Report Updated: 01/09/2009

 Accident / Incident Search: A total of 1 Accident(s) and 0 Incident(s) in public records for this aircraft
 337 Reports: A total of 0 337 reported on PF Reports for this aircraft for repairs
 AD's: A total of 13 Airframe AD's reported on PF Reports for this aircraft for repairs
 Service Difficulty Report1 SDRs reported on PF Reports for this aircraft
 N# History Data1 known registration number(s) have been registered to this aircraft
 Current Owner: Random Ventures, Inc.
 FAA Documents: Entire FAA Aircraft Document
 Comments: See below
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  Indicates documentation containing information on Accidents/Incidents, 337 Reports or Service Difficulty Reports

NTSB Identification: NYC99MA178 .
The docket is stored in the Docket Management System (DMS). Please contact Records Management Division
Accident occurred Friday, July 16, 1999 in VINEYARD HAVEN, MA
Probable Cause Approval Date: 7/6/2000
Aircraft: Piper PA-32R-301, registration: N9253N
Injuries: 3 Fatal.

The noninstrument-rated pilot obtained weather forecasts for a cross-country flight, which indicated visual flight rules (VFR) conditions with clear skies and visibilities that varied between 4 to 10 miles along his intended route. The pilot then departed on a dark night. According to a performance study of radar data, the airplane proceeded over land at 5,500 feet. About 34 miles west of Marthas Vineyard Airport, while crossing a 30-mile stretch of water to its destination, the airplane began a descent that varied between 400 to 800 feet per minute (fpm). About 7 miles from the approaching shore, the airplane began a right turn. The airplane stopped its descent at 2,200 feet, then climbed back to 2,600 feet and entered a left turn. While in the left turn, the airplane began another descent that reached about 900 fpm. While still in the descent, the airplane entered a right turn. During this turn, the airplanes rate of descent and airspeed increased. The airplanes rate of descent eventually exceeded 4,700 fpm, and the airplane struck the water in a nose-down attitude. Airports along the coast reported visibilities between 5 and 8 miles. Other pilots flying similar routes on the night of the accident reported no visual horizon while flying over the water because of haze. The pilots estimated total flight experience was about 310 hours, of which 55 hours were at night. The pilots estimated flight time in the accident airplane was about 36 hours, of which about 9.4 hours were at night. About 3 hours of that time was without a certified flight instructor (CFI) on board, and about 0.8 hour of that was flown at night and included a night landing. In the 15 months before the accident, the pilot had flown either to or from the destination area about 35 times. The pilot flew at least 17 of these flight legs without a CFI on board, of which 5 were at night. Within 100 days before the accident, the pilot had completed about 50 percent of a formal instrument training course. A Federal Aviation Administration Advisory Circular (AC) 61-27C, "Instrument Flying: Coping with Illusions in Flight," states that illusions or false impressions occur when information provided by sensory organs is misinterpreted or inadequate and that many illusions in flight could be caused by complex motions and certain visual scenes encountered under adverse weather conditions and at night. The AC also states that some illusions might lead to spatial disorientation or the inability to determine accurately the attitude or motion of the aircraft in relation to the earths surface. The AC further states that spatial disorientation, as a result of continued VFR flight into adverse weather conditions, is regularly near the top of the cause/factor list in annual statistics on fatal aircraft accidents. According to AC 60-4A, "Pilots Spatial Disorientation," tests conducted with qualified instrument pilots indicated that it can take as long as 35 seconds to establish full control by instruments after a loss of visual reference of the earths surface. AC 60-4A further states that surface references and the natural horizon may become obscured even though visibility may be above VFR minimums and that an inability to perceive the natural horizon or surface references is common during flights over water, at night, in sparsely populated areas, and in low-visibility conditions. Examination of the airframe, systems, avionics, and engine did not reveal any evidence of a preimpact mechanical malfunction.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:

The pilots failure to maintain control of the airplane during a descent over water at night, which was a result of spatial disorientation. Factors in the accident were haze, and the dark night.

Full narrative available

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FAA records show no incidents for this aircraft

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There are (0) 337 forms on file for major repairs to this aircraft

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Please verify with entries made in log books, and last annual AD record
  2008-06-28 R1 04/10/2008 Primary Flight Displays (PFDs)
 2004-14-12 08/10/2004 Control wheel attaching hardware
  99-05-09 03/19/1999 Induction Air Filter
 96-10-03 06/14/1996 Flap Handle Attach Bolt
  95-26-13 02/05/1996 Inspect Oil Cooler Hoses
 93-05-10  04/30/1993 Nose Landing Gear
 99-05-09 03/19/1999 Induction Air Filter
  96-10-03 06/14/1996 Flap Handle Attach Bolt
 95-26-13 02/05/1996 Inspect Oil Cooler Hoses
  93-05-10  04/30/1993 Nose Landing Gear
 86-17-01 08/21/1986 Ammeter Replacement
  81-24-07 11/20/1981 Nose Landing Gear Modification
 80-14-03 07/01/1980 Bendix, King or Narco Transmitters

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FAA records shows SD Report

1. Submitter Information

97ZZZX3074 06/18/1997 (mm/dd/yyyy)
9253N B

2. Codes



EA 07

3. Major Equipment Identity

PIPER PA32R300 3213100

4. Problem Description  (Note: Please limit your description to 1500 characters.)

5. Specific Part or Structure Causing Difficulty

CHAFED ENG FWD LT 272 Overhaul

6. Component/Assembly That Includes Defective Part


7. Structure Causing Difficulty

  Left   Right       Left   Right 
  Left   Right       Left   Right 
  Left   Right       Left   Right    2   3 

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Current Owner:
Registered Owner

Street1633 BROADWAY 41ST FL
CityNEW YORK CITY StateNEW YORK  Zip Code    10019
Previous Owners:
Air Bound Aviation, Inc.
Fairfield, NJ
Columbia Aircraft Sales, Inc.
Groton, CT
Munir Hussain
Hasbrouck Heights, NJ
Air Bound Aviation, Inc.
Fairfield, NJ
Raytheon Aircraft Company
Wichita, KS
Poinciana, LLC
Wilmington, DE
SkyTech, Inc.
Baltimore, MO
Piper Aircraft Corporation
Factory New

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FAA records show the aircraft was never foreign registered

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